40 | |
---|---|
2 balls in one hand | |
Capacity |
2 |
Period |
2 |
Full period |
4 |
Orbits |
1 |
Composition |
Prime |
(Excited state) | |
20 | |
Self-dual |
60 | |
---|---|
3 balls in one hand | |
Capacity |
3 |
Period |
2 |
Full period |
6 |
Orbits |
1 |
Composition |
Prime |
(Excited state) | |
30 | |
Self-dual |
80 | |
---|---|
4 balls in one hand | |
Capacity |
4 |
Period |
2 |
Full period |
8 |
Orbits |
1 |
Composition |
Prime |
(Excited state) | |
40 | |
Self-dual |
In two-handed juggling, odd numbers and even numbers of objects are juggled in different patterns (cascades for odd numbers and fountains or wimpy patterns for even numbers), but in one-handed juggling all numbers can be juggled in the same kinds of patterns.
One-handed juggling is normally done in a "rolling out" pattern, so the objects go in an arc to the right (clockwise) if the right hand is being used, and to the left (counter-clockwise) if the left hand is being used. Other one-handed patterns include "rolling in" (where the objects go in an arc in the opposite direction), columns, and patterns with the same shape as two-handed patterns, such as a one-handed 3 ball cascade.
One-handed juggling is the foundation of the most common method for juggling an even number of objects in two hands: the fountain pattern, where two one-handed patterns are done at the same time, with each hand juggling the same number of objects. A pseudohalfshower is also two one-handed patterns done at the same time, but with a different number of objects in each hand. A basic one-handed pattern is written in siteswap notation as an even number (twice the number of objects used) followed by a 0.
Vanilla siteswaps can be interpreted as one-handed patterns. Each number represents the kind of throw you would do if you were juggling that number of objects in one hand. A 0 is a beat with an empty hand, and a 1 is a pause with an object held in the hand. You can write a one-handed interpretation of a siteswap in two-handed notation by replacing each number with the siteswap for juggling that number of objects in one hand. The one-handed version of 423 written in two-handed siteswap is 804060. Siteswaps can also be done in shower and diabolo patterns in a similar way.
2 in 1 hand rolling out |
2 in 1 hand rolling in |
2 in 1 hand in columns |
3 in 1 hand rolling out |
3 in 1 hand rolling in |
3 in 1 hand in columns |
3 in 1 hand in a cascade |
3 in 1 hand in a reverse cascade |
4 in 1 hand rolling out |
World recordsEdit
One-handed juggling world records with publicly available video evidence or validated by a world record organization:
- 3 balls: 19 minutes and 35 seconds by Ryotaro Chiba in 2015 (video)
- 4 balls: 130 catches by Michael Ferreri in 2016 (video)
- 5 balls: 38 catches by Tom Whitfield in 2018 (video)
- 6 balls: 13 catches by Tom Whitfield in 2018 (video)
- 7 balls: 7 catches by Sam Hartford in 2002 (video), Alex Barron in 2012 (video), Dave Leahy in 2014 (video), Dan Wood in 2015 (video), Alex McGillivray in 2018 (video), Eivind Dragsjø in 2018 (video), Tom Whitfield in 2018 (video), and Dylan Tweed in 2018 (video)
- 3 rings: 4 minutes and 24 seconds by Mario Napodano in 2015 (video)
- 4 rings: 129 catches by Willy Colombaioni in 2016 (video)
- 5 rings: 27 catches by Willy Colombaioni in 2017 (video)
- 6 rings: 13 catches by Willy Colombaioni in 2018 (video)
- 7 rings: 9 catches by Willy Colombaioni in 2017 (video)
- 3 clubs: 2 minutes and 20 seconds by Willy Colombaioni in 2015 (video)
- 4 clubs: 20 catches by Willy Colombaioni in 2017 (video)
- 5 clubs: 6 catches by Willy Colombaioni in 2017 (video)
Records with insufficient video evidence:
- 3 balls: 41 minutes and 8 seconds by Stacey Hill's friend in 2016 (video no longer available)
Unverified claims:
- 4 balls: 137 catches by JP Kazu in 2008 (claim)
- 4 balls: 152 catches by Tom Whitfield in 2018 (claim)
- 4 balls: 195 catches by Bruce Sarafian in 1996 (claim)
- 5 balls: 47 catches by Tom Whitfield in 2018 (claim)
- 6 balls: 13 catches by Brian Koenig in 2007 (claim)
- 6 balls: 15 catches by Tom Whitfield in 2018 (claim)
- 7 balls: 8 catches by Nik Meier in 2014 (claim)
- 7 rings: 9 catches by Sam Hartford in 2003 (claim)
- 5 clubs: 9 catches by Casey Boehmer in 2001 (claim)
Siteswap exercisesEdit
You can use these exercises to practice the same kinds of throws that are done in one-handed patterns, before you learn the full pattern.
Some of the siteswaps listed below are shortened to leave out parts where you’re not doing anything. Click on them to see animations of the exercises.
You should practice doing these with your right hand and with your left hand, so that you will be able to do the pattern with either hand.
2 balls in 1 hand Edit
Exercises to prepare for 40:
- 1 ball 40
3 balls in 1 hand Edit
Prerequisites: 2 balls in 1 hand
Exercises to prepare for 60:
Alternate 3-ball exercises to prepare for 60:
- 3-ball shower (51)
- 6151505151515151
- 615150
- 6051
- 606150
4 balls in 1 hand Edit
Prerequisites: 3 balls in 1 hand
Exercises to prepare for 80:
One-handed jugglersEdit
Professional comedy juggler Dale Jones has been unable to use his right arm since he injured it at age eight. He learned to juggle with just his left hand when he was 15.
1996 IJA Juniors champion Casey Boehmer was born without a left forearm, and learned to juggle when he was five. He can juggle up to 6 balls, 6 rings, and 5 clubs in his right hand.